Cairo is not only Egypt's capital and largest metropolis in Africa but also the political, economic and cultural center of the Middle East. When you visit this multicultural melting pot, you will experience fascinating contrasts: the up-and-coming and vibrant city on the one hand and the millennia-old history and its buildings on the other.
When you cross the Nile in Cairo, you change from one city to the next, because on the west bank is Giza with the pyramids - the only remaining of the seven wonders of the ancient world. They have been Egypt's landmarks for thousands of years. Even before the pyramids were built, the guardian of the dead was already there: the famous sphinx. This colossal monument depicts a lying lion with a king's head and mane.
The symbol of Egypt for thousands of years. To the west of Cairo, where the Sahara meets the Nile Valley, is the high plateau of Gizeh with the most famous buildings in human history: the Pyramids of Gizeh - the tallest buildings in Egypt, built by the kings Cheops, Chephren, and Menkaure in the middle of the 3rd-millennium v. built. According to the beliefs of the ancient Egyptians, this was the entrance to the realm of the dead, the "beautiful west". The pyramids were already considered a wonder of the world in ancient times, and even today the perfect form and the outstanding construction technology of these gigantic tombs arouse amazement and admiration. The largest is the Pyramid of Cheops with a side length of 227.5 m and a height of 146.2 m. The Pyramid of Chephren can be recognized by the well-preserved limestone cladding at the top. This and the somewhat steeper angle of inclination give the impression that Chephren had an even larger pyramid built than his father Cheops. The son and heir of Chephren had a much more modest tomb built: the pyramid of Menkaure. You can visit the narrow and narrow tombs of one of the three pyramids with an additional ticket.
Another highlight of your stay in Cairo is a visit to the Egyptian Museum. The tour of the museum runs clockwise from the Old Kingdom to the Late Period. The undisputed highlight is the complete tomb treasures of Tutankhamun, such as his richly decorated mask and his gilded sarcophagus. The mighty citadel towers over Saladin Square. There, high above the city, Cairo's most outstanding sight is the Alabaster Mosque. A short visit to the Al-Hussein Mosque is also worthwhile. Important note: It is not permitted to enter the mosque with off-the-shoulder clothing and bare knees. However, the most important Islamic mosque, just opposite the bazaar, is the El Azhar Mosque "The Blossoming". It is not only a mosque but also a university that is over 1,000 years old and is one of the most important and oldest Islamic universities in the world. From the Cairo Tower "El Burg" you can enjoy the best panoramic view and a fantastic view over Cairo to the pyramids!